ANALYSIS OF THE COMPETITIVENESS OF TOBACCO INDONESIA IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET
Keywords:Tobacco, RCA, revealed comparative advantage, ECI, export competitiveness index
AbstractTobacco is one of main export commodity from the plantation sub-sector of Indonesia. Indonesian tobacco exports in recent years,Â 2008 to 2014 experienced an increase or had a positive trend. It shows that the tobacco has the potential to be developed. Competitiveness analysis using the calculation of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), while the analysis of competitivness Export Index (ECI) to see the trend of competitiveness. If Indonesia had RCA more than one, so Indonesia has a competitive advantageÂ and if Indonesia has a value of ECI more than one, then Indonesia is said to have a good competitiveness development. Based on the analysis of tobacco RCA Indonesia in the international market, Indonesia has a comparative advantage compared to competing countries of Indonesia, such as France and Thailand with RCA> 1. Because Indonesia has a high export value for the tobacco and abundant natural resources as well as the amount of labor that much.The results of the analysis of ECI, to determine the trend of the competitiveness of Indonesian tobacco than the comparison countries, namely France and Thailand, shows Indonesian tend to have better competitiveness development value ECI> 1. This is because of Indonesia has a better advantage export than France and Thailand. Based on the analysis of RCA and ECI, it can be concluded that in the future, tobacco will be a interested commodity because of the increased demand, it will make Indonesia must have a competitiveness in domestic and international markets.
Amir, M.S. 2000. Seluk Beluk dan Teknik Perdagangan Luar Negeri. PPM. Jakarta.
Baroh, I. 2014. Daya Saing Kopi di Indonesia di Pasar Domestik dan Pasar Internasional. Disertasi.
Firmansyah. 2014. Pedoman Standarisasi Mutu Tembakau,. www.disbun. jabarprov. go.id.
Daryanto, A. 2010. Posisi Daya Saing Pertanian Indonesia Dan Upaya Peningkatannya. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen-Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Perkebunan, 2014. Mengenal Varietas Unggul Tembakau di Jawa Timur Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Mutu Benih. PBT Ahli Muda BBPPTP. Surabaya.
Food And Agricultural Organization (FAO). 2015. Produksi Tembakau Dunia. Diakses pada 20 April 2015.
Food And Agricultural Organization (FAO). 2015. Nilai Ekspor dan Impor Tembakau Dunia. Diakses pada 20 April 2015.
Hadianto. 2009. Perangkat dan Model Analisis. Investasi di Pasar Internasional. Jakarta: Gramedia.
Porter, M. E. 1993. Keunggulan Bersaing Menciptakan dan Mempertahankan. Erlangga, Jakarta.
Rifin, A. 2013. Competitiveness of Indonesiaâ€™s Cocoa Beans Export in the World Market. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, Vol. 4, No. 5, October 2013.
Saboniene, A. 2009. Lithuanian Export Competitiveness: Comparison with other Baltic States. Vol 62, No 2.
Safitri, L. 2011. Analisis Kinerja Ekspor Dan Impor Tembakau Indonesia Periode 2000-2009. Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Trisakti. Jakarta.
Tambunan, T. 1999. Perekonomian Indonesia. Jakarta.
Tambunan, T. 2001. Industrialisasi di Negara sedang Berkembang: kasus Indonesia. Ghalia Indonesia, Jakarta.
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
HABITAT by http://habitat.ub.ac.id/index.php/habitat/index is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).