HABITAT 2022-11-30T03:50:29+00:00 Setiyo Yuli Handono Open Journal Systems <h3><img src="" alt="" width="842" height="595" /></h3> <p>HABITAT gets SINTA 2 Accreditation starting on 2020 until 2024.</p> Coffee Supply Chain Management: A Case Study In Ciamis, West Java, Indonesia 2022-08-08T07:43:15+00:00 Mochamad Arief Rizki Mauladi Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo Dwidjono Hadi Darwanto <p>Ciamis Regency is a potentially developed coffee-producing area in West Java with Arabica and Robusta coffee types. However, in the current marketing process, it is still faced with various obstacles that make the supply chain flow non-optimal. Therefore, in optimizing the Ciamis coffee supply chain management, it is necessary to conduct further research related to supply chain flow, performance, and farmer’s share. This study aims to determine the flow, performance, and farmer’s share of the coffee supply chain in Ciamis Regency. This research uses the descriptive, SCOR, and farmer’s share methods. The results showed that the supply chain flow consisted of material flow in the form of green beans that flowed from upstream to downstream, the flow of information in the form of information (quantity, price, and quality of green beans) that flowed from upstream to downstream and from downstream to upstream, and financial flows in the form of cash payment transactions that flow from downstream to upstream. The performance of coffee supply chain management in Ciamis Regency has an average category with a value of 56.91. The most significant farmer's share value is found in the distribution channel from farmers to inter-regency traders, ending with outside-regency traders.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT Energy Adequacy Rate and Desirable Dietary Pattern of Horticultural Farmer Household in Probolinggo Regency during COVID-19 Pandemic 2022-07-13T02:44:40+00:00 Rika Asterina Nuhfil Hanani Fahriyah <p>Household food security is an important concern for the government because it can describe food security in the smallest unit, namely household consumption. One of the government's policies regarding food security on the side of food absorption is through the Law of the Republic of Indonesia Number 18 of 2012 namely the fulfillment of diverse, nutritious, balanced, and safe food consumption patterns. The research objectives are (1) To analyze the food security of horticultural farmers' households in terms of the Energy Adequacy Rate (EAR) in Probolinggo Regency, (2) To analyze the food security of horticultural farmers' households as seen from the Desirable Dietary Pattern (DDP) in Probolinggo Regency, and (3) To analyze the factors that influence the Desirable Dietary Pattern (DDP) in Probolinggo Regency. The results showed that food security in terms of quantity and quality still did not meet the recommendations. The actual EAR of horticultural farmers in Probolinggo Regency is 1867.76 kcal/capita/day, which is still below the normative or recommended EAR of 2,100 kcal/capita/day. The actual DDP score is 74.15 which states that the actual DDP is still below the normative DDP of 100. Two parameters have a significant effect on the dependent variable, namely farm income (X1) and dummy nutrition knowledge of housewives (DX2), while dummy education head of household (X3) has no significant effect.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT The Formulation of Strategic Management for Market Development and Competition of Ground Coffee Product in SMEs of East Manggarai Regency 2022-07-01T09:13:31+00:00 Melania Awuk Djoko Koestiono Silvana Maulidah Riskina Aulawiah <p>The business unit's development is determined by its ability to design a marketing strategy. This study was intended to determine the criteria and sub-criteria for marketing resources using the ANP model and formulate an alternative marketing strategy using the TOPSIS method in small and medium enterprises (SMEs) for the ground coffee product in East Manggarai Regency. The sampling method used in this research is proposive sampling. Data collected using a questionnaire from 36 respondents. Research method study used analytical network process (ANP) and techinique for order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS) for the method. The ANP was used to analyze the priority of the sub-criteria of marketing resources, while the TOPSIS was used to determine the highest preference value on alternative marketing strategies. This study revealed that the sub-criteria with the highest weight for formulating alternative marketing strategies was the sub-criteria for the process of developing effective new products and services with a weight of 0.118. The highest preference value for alternative marketing strategies is the differentiation strategy with a value of 1.00. Hence, it can be concluded that an appropriate strategy for marketing development and competition of ground coffee products in SMEs of East Manggarai Regency is a differentiation strategy supported by the selected sub-criteria of the process of developing effective new products and services.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT The Effectiveness Interpersonal Communication Increasing Success of Pokdarwis Arumsari 2022-08-05T06:52:46+00:00 Agus Subhan Prasetyo Nurul Balqis Qurratu Aini Anisa Nurina Aulia Dwiyana Anela Kurniasari Wengki Ariando <p>Organizing that involves the community is one of the factors that can determine the success of implementing tourism village activities. One of the tourism village managers whose organization involves the community is the Arumsari Tourism Awareness Group (Pokdarwis) in the Pandansari Tourism Village. To achieve the success of Pokdarwis Arumsari, it is necessary to have effective interpersonal communication between members, so, this study aims to analyze the effectiveness of interpersonal communication and its influence on the success of Pokdarwis Arumsari. The research location was conducted in Pandansari Village, Batang Regency, Central Java. The research method uses the case study method on all members of Pokdarwis Arumsari totaling 37 people as the respondents. Data collection techniques are closed interviews, observation, and literacy studies. Then analyzed by using Partial Least Square (PLS). The effectiveness of interpersonal communication and the success of Pokdarwis Arumsari are included in the high category with a percentage score of 81.2% and 79.2%, respectively. The value of the path coefficient is 0.859, the direction of the relationship between the effectiveness of interpersonal communication on the success of Pokdarwis Arumsari is positive, there is an effort to increase the effectiveness of interpersonal communication within the group, the success of Pokdarwis will increase. The results of the analysis show that the effectiveness of interpersonal communication can explain 73.9% of the success of Pokdarwis Arumsari. Pokdarwis Arumsari has a good and positive effect on interpersonal communication effectiveness so that success is realized in achieving the goals of Pokdarwis Arumsari.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT Import of Agricultural Products in the Intra-Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) 2022-07-15T02:56:18+00:00 Endang Sari Simanullang Dedi Budiman Hakim Yusman Syaukat Widyastutik <p>The flow of agricultural products through imports has the potential to increase with the geographical conditions of adjacent RCEP countries. Economic and non-economic factors can affect imports of agricultural products. This study aims to analyze the spatial effect and the factors that influence the import of agricultural products in Intra RCEP. This study uses a data period from 2013-2019. The analytical method used in this research is Moran's global index, Local Indicator of Spatial Autocorrelation (LISA), and Geographically Weighted Panel Regression (GWPR). The results show a spatial effect of imports of agricultural products in intra-RCEP. China, Japan, and South Korea are countries that are geographically concentrated in importing agricultural products within the intra-RCEP. The factors that significantly affect the total value of imports of agricultural products are GDP per capita, trade openness, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), and government effectiveness. The policy recommendations in this study are implementing the RCEP agreement in the long term, open market access, encouraging increased investment in the agricultural sector, and an efficient bureaucracy.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT Feasibility Assessment of Nampu Leaf Processing Bussines: a Case Study in The Mount Sawal Area 2022-08-31T07:17:57+00:00 Suhartono Endah Suhaendah Eva Fauziyah Aris Sudomo Levina Augusta Geraldine <p>Dried nampu leaves have become an export commodity as raw materials for the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and herbal cigarette industries. However, the massive exploitation of nampu leaves in their natural habitat in forest areas has raised concerns that it could disrupt forest sustainability. Therefore, financial analysis is needed to find out whether this business could be expanded or not. This study aims to examine the feasibility of processing nampu leaves into dried chopped leaves, the challenges and the prospects for its development. We conducted a case study on a nampu leaf processing business group in Cihaurbeuti Subdistrict, Ciamis, West Java. Data was collected through in-depth interviews and field observations. The results showed that the nampu leaf processing business was feasible because of the availability of resources, an easy process and a relatively short payback period as indicated by the R/C value of 1.17 and BEP production of 2,596.15 kg and BEP sales of IDR38,942,307 which can be achieved in less than 1 year. The challenges of this business are the availability of raw materials, marketing guarantees and forest sustainability. Government assistance is very important in supporting the sustainability of this business.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT Risk Analysis of Indonesian Mango Sustainable Supply Chain For Singapore Market 2022-07-06T02:06:50+00:00 Dwi Laila Maulida Dwi Retno Andriani <p>UD WN Mango Sultan, Gresik succeeded in exporting 1 ton of mangoes to Singapore in 2021. However, exports are still not sustainable because they are constrained by several risks faced in the mango supply chain. To support the development of mango sales, it is inseparable from good and sustainable supply chain management. Good supply chain management can reduce or anticipate the risks that are often faced by every supply chain actor. To reduce the impact of emerging risks, it is necessary to identify priority risks for further risk mitigation actions. This study aims to identify risks seen from the perception of each sustainable supply chain actor and evaluate the highest priority risk of each sustainable supply chain actor in mango commodities. The study uses primary data by conducting interviews and filling out questionnaires by informants from businessmen, farmers, and collector of mango commodity in Gresik District. Fuzzy Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FFMEA) technique is used to determine the priority of risk mitigation efforts. The results show that there are 16 risk components for UD WN Mango Sultan and collectors, and 11 risk components for farmers. Meanwhile, the priority risks for farmers, collectors, and UD WN Mango Sultan are operational risk (5,355), social risk (7,414), and environmental risk (7,917).</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT Food Security Analysis of Shallot Farmer Household During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Probolinggo Regency (A Case Study on Shallot Farmer Household in Mranggonlawang Village, Dringu District, Probolinggo Regency) 2022-07-20T07:25:02+00:00 Ulfa Rohmatul Khasanah Nira Praditya Sari Nuhfil Hanani Fahriyah Condro Puspo Nugroho Syafrial Rosihan Asmara <p>The Covid-19 pandemic has had an impact on the agricultural sector, both in terms of trade, prices, and the decline in farmers' income levels. Amid the COVID-19 outbreak, food security is something that the government must pay attention to so that there is no food crisis. If farmer households have not realized food security, it won't be easy to create food security at higher levels such as the village, district, provincial, and national levels. This study aims to analyze food security based on EAR and SFE values ​​and determine the effect of socioeconomic factors on household resilience. Determination of the research location was determined purposively, and the number of samples was taken by cluster sampling. The analytical method uses the Jonnson and Toole model to determine household food security and multiple linear regression analysis to determine the effect of socioeconomic factors on EAR. The results of the food security analysis show that 51.7% of households with energy consumption &gt;80% and expenditure of 60% are categorized as food vulnerable. The results of the analysis of socio-economic factors that can affect EAR are income, number of dependents in the family, length of education of housewives, and age of the head of the family with a confidence level of 80%. The analysis results show that most shallot farming households are in a food-insecure state.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT The Characteristics of Persian Historical Gardens (Case Study: Emarat Birooni Garden of Urmia, Iran) 2022-11-18T07:13:40+00:00 Sadaf Gachkar Darya Gachkar Mozafar Abbaszadeh Soheila Aghlmand Sattar Sattary <p>Persian gardens are valuable historical and cultural human-built landscapes however, Persian gardens are deteriorating gradually. Thus, comprehensive studies would be helpful in obtaining deeper insights into different aspects and meaning of Persian gardens. The descriptive-analytical approach was used to review the EmaratBirooni garden of Urmia (Campus of Urmia University) as it is the only remnant of Qajar period demonstrating a clear image of the past of the Persian garden model in Urmia. Data were employed through literature review and on-site field study. It was found that the Campus of Urmia University had three historical eras- era 1: Before the garden was purchased by American missionaries, era 2: The settlement of American missionaries, era 3: After American missionaries left and delivered the garden to the government. By examining the periods, it was seen that the survival of the campus stemmed from proper uses in each era. This suggests that new uses suiting the contemporary conditions could be beneficial in protecting historical gardens. In this respect, it is essential to protect historical gardens since these gardens can become a cultural capital to the future generations.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT Life Cycle Assessment of Gayo Arabica Coffee Green Bean at Aceh Province 2022-10-12T08:12:02+00:00 Rahmat Pramulya Tajudin Bantacut Erliza Noor Mohamad Yani Muhammad Romli <p>Indonesia's coffee production will reach 774.6 thousand tons in 2021, an increase of 2.75% from 2020, which was 753.9 thousand tons, and is the highest in the last decade and is expected to increase threefold in 2050. Hence, the evaluating environmental performance of the coffee agroindustry is essential if it is to become a more sustainable agroindustry. This paper aims to assess environmental performance (energy footprint, water footprint, and carbon footprint) in Gayo Arabica coffee green bean production with different agro-industry models. The method to evaluate environmental performance that can be used to identify indications of sustainability is Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Method. The study was conducted on coffee production and exporter cooperatives in Central Aceh. Primary data were obtained through interviews with farmers, collectors, huller owners, and cooperative administrators. Secondary data comes from cooperative reports. The LCA study is described in two product systems, the model of 2015 and the model of 2016. The LCA model of 2015 is based on the green bean production system carried out in 2015 which includes water treatment, pulping, collecting, drying, hulling, finishing, and transportation. The LCA model of 2016 is based on the green bean production system carried out in 2016 until now which includes sub-processes for water treatment, pulping, collecting 1, hulling, collecting 2, finishing, and transportation. The results show that the energy footprint of the 2016 model (2.5128 MJ per f.u) is greater than that of the 2015 model (1.2336 MJ per f.u), the water footprint of the 2015 model is the same as the water footprint of the 2016 model product system, namely 0. 0086 m<sup>3</sup> per f.u., and the carbon footprint of the 2016 model (1.93 kg CO<sub>2</sub>-eq per f.u) is greater than that of the 2015 model (1.48 kg CO<sub>2</sub>-eq per f.u). The cooperative initiative (in the model of 2016) is for the purpose of process improvement but cannot reduce carbon emissions. To reduce emissions from the use of fossil fuels, it is necessary to optimize land transportation routes and energy efficiency.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT Consumer Perceptions of Buying Behavior of Organic Vegetables with Planned Behavior Theory Approach 2022-11-30T03:50:29+00:00 Kukuh Swan Sri Sabakti Ratya Anindita Riyanti Isaskar <p>Organic vegetables are gaining popularity all over the world, and the number of consumers of organic vegetables is increasing. Developing countries like Indonesia, are still very minimal in consuming organic vegetables. Therefore, this study aims to identify the factors that drive buying behavior of organic vegetables. The research location was conducted in Malang Raya which was selected by purposive sampling and involved 128 respondents who became the research sample. The analytical method uses descriptive analysis and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) is used to measure the effect of perceptions, preferences, attitudes, subjective norms and control of consumer behavior on purchase intentions and behavior. The results of the analysis show that the behavior of buying organic vegetables is largely determined by preferences and behavioral control through intention and there is a preference role that successfully mediates the relationship between consumer perceptions and intentions. Perceptions, attitudes and subjective norms cannot influence consumer intentions because most consumers and their environment do not have good knowledge so that consumer buying behavior of organic vegetables tends to be based on the control of the dangers. Market players and the government must cooperate with farmers and provide information and promotions regarding the advantages of organic vegetables which are expected to increase actual buying behavior of organic vegetables.</p> 2022-11-30T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2022 HABITAT