ANALYSIS OF THE COMPETITIVENESS OF TOBACCO INDONESIA IN THE INTERNATIONAL MARKET

Handy Tribawana Putra, Abdul Wahib Muhaimin, Suhartini Suhartini
  Habitat,,  pp.57-60  

Abstract


Tobacco is one of main export commodity from the plantation sub-sector of Indonesia. Indonesian tobacco exports in recent years,  2008 to 2014 experienced an increase or had a positive trend. It shows that the tobacco has the potential to be developed. Competitiveness analysis using the calculation of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA), while the analysis of competitivness Export Index (ECI) to see the trend of competitiveness. If Indonesia had RCA more than one, so Indonesia has a competitive advantage  and if Indonesia has a value of ECI more than one, then Indonesia is said to have a good competitiveness development. Based on the analysis of tobacco RCA Indonesia in the international market, Indonesia has a comparative advantage compared to competing countries of Indonesia, such as France and Thailand with RCA> 1. Because Indonesia has a high export value for the tobacco and abundant natural resources as well as the amount of labor that much.The results of the analysis of ECI, to determine the trend of the competitiveness of Indonesian tobacco than the comparison countries, namely France and Thailand, shows Indonesian tend to have better competitiveness development value ECI> 1. This is because of Indonesia has a better advantage export than France and Thailand. Based on the analysis of RCA and ECI, it can be concluded that in the future, tobacco will be a interested commodity because of the increased demand, it will make Indonesia must have a competitiveness in domestic and international markets.


Keywords


Tobacco; RCA; revealed comparative advantage; ECI; export competitiveness index

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amir, M.S. 2000. Seluk Beluk dan Teknik Perdagangan Luar Negeri. PPM. Jakarta.

Baroh, I. 2014. Daya Saing Kopi di Indonesia di Pasar Domestik dan Pasar Internasional. Disertasi.

Firmansyah. 2014. Pedoman Standarisasi Mutu Tembakau,. www.disbun. jabarprov. go.id.

Daryanto, A. 2010. Posisi Daya Saing Pertanian Indonesia Dan Upaya Peningkatannya. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen-Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Direktorat Jenderal Tanaman Perkebunan, 2014. Mengenal Varietas Unggul Tembakau di Jawa Timur Sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Mutu Benih. PBT Ahli Muda BBPPTP. Surabaya.

Food And Agricultural Organization (FAO). 2015. Produksi Tembakau Dunia. Diakses pada 20 April 2015.

Food And Agricultural Organization (FAO). 2015. Nilai Ekspor dan Impor Tembakau Dunia. Diakses pada 20 April 2015.

Hadianto. 2009. Perangkat dan Model Analisis. Investasi di Pasar Internasional. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Porter, M. E. 1993. Keunggulan Bersaing Menciptakan dan Mempertahankan. Erlangga, Jakarta.

Rifin, A. 2013. Competitiveness of Indonesia’s Cocoa Beans Export in the World Market. International Journal of Trade, Economics and Finance, Vol. 4, No. 5, October 2013.

Saboniene, A. 2009. Lithuanian Export Competitiveness: Comparison with other Baltic States. Vol 62, No 2.

Safitri, L. 2011. Analisis Kinerja Ekspor Dan Impor Tembakau Indonesia Periode 2000-2009. Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Trisakti. Jakarta.

Tambunan, T. 1999. Perekonomian Indonesia. Jakarta.

Tambunan, T. 2001. Industrialisasi di Negara sedang Berkembang: kasus Indonesia. Ghalia Indonesia, Jakarta.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
HABITAT Indexed by :