Preference of Rural Youth Livelihood in Indonesia Rural Areas and Its Factors

Anisa Aprilia, Condro Puspo Nugroho, Rini Mutisari
  Habitat,,  pp.88-95  

Abstract


Indonesia is facing serious problem of unemployment in rural areas while in agricultural sector, there is lack of labour availability. This research discusses issue between livelihood choices and their determinant factors of rural youth in East Java, Indonesia. The 200 survey data was analysed by multinomial logit for measuring response probabilities of alternative livelihoods which consist of agricultural jobs, non-agricultural employment, non-farm entrepreneur, and urban employment. The outcome of the research is that education of youth has consistently positive and significant correlation with livelihood option which is outside of agricultural sector. The more academic achievements that respondents get, the more reasonable their expectation of success in outside farming relative to agriculture. On the other hand, the larger land holding that their parents have, the lower possibility in choosing a livelihood outside of agriculture over farming. Therefore, it implies that better land access will encourages youth to approach agricultural works.


Keywords


livelihood choice; rural youth; rural livelihood

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bernier, Q., Sultana, P., Bell, A. R., & Ringler, C. (2016). Water management and livelihood choices in southwestern Bangladesh. Journal of Rural Studies, 45, 134–145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.12.017

Bezu, S., & Holden, S. (2014). Are rural youth in ethiopia abandoning agriculture? World Development, 64, 259–272. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.06.013

Bhandari, P. B. (2013). Rural livelihood change? Household capital, community resources and livelihood transition. Journal of Rural Studies, 32, 126–136. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2013.05.001

Chiritescu, V., Andrei Daniela, R., & Kruzslicika, M. (2015). the Role of Youth in Sustainable Development of Romanian Rural Communities. Romanian Economic and Business Review, 10(2), 183–197.

Davis, B., Di Giuseppe, S., & Zezza, A. (2017). Are African households (not) leaving agriculture? Patterns of households’ income sources in rural Sub-Saharan Africa. Food Policy, 67, 153–174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2016.09.018

Deotti, Laura; Estruch, E. (2016). Addressing rural youth migration at its root causes : A conceptual framework. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5718e.pdf

Dzanku, F. M. (2015). Transient rural livelihoods and poverty in Ghana. Journal of Rural Studies, 40, 102–110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.06.009

Edirisinghe, J. C. (2015). Smallholder farmers’ household wealth and livelihood choices in developing countries: A Sri Lankan case study. Economic Analysis and Policy, 45, 33–38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eap.2015.01.001

Fisher, E., Attah, R., Barca, V., O’Brien, C., Brook, S., Holland, J., … Pozarny, P. (2017). The Livelihood Impacts of Cash Transfers in Sub-Saharan Africa: Beneficiary Perspectives from Six Countries. World Development, 99, 299–319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.05.020

Gregoire, C. (2011). An identification of selected environmentally based livelihood issues within the Caribbean. World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, 8(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1108/20425945201100005 Permanent

Haggblade, S., Chapoto, A., Drame-Yayé, A., Hendriks, S. L., Kabwe, S., Minde, I., … Terblanche, S. (2015). Motivating and preparing African youth for successful careers in agribusiness. Journal of Agribusiness in Developing and Emerging Economies, 5(2), 170–189. https://doi.org/10.1108/JADEE-01-2015-0001

Henderson, R. (2005). Education, training and rural living: Young people in Ryedale. Education and Training, 47(3), 183–201. https://doi.org/10.1108/00400910510592239

Jiao, X., Pouliot, M., & Walelign, S. Z. (2017). Livelihood Strategies and Dynamics in Rural Cambodia. World Development, 97, 266–278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.04.019

Kararach, G., Hanson, K. T., & Léautier, F. A. (2012). Regional Integration Policies to Support Job Creation for Africa’s Burgeoning Youth Population. World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 7(2/3/4), 177–215. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1108/20425961201000035

Kidido, J. K., Bugri, J. T., & Kasanga, R. K. (2017). Dynamics of youth access to agricultural land under the customary tenure regime in the Techiman traditional area of Ghana. Land Use Policy, 60, 254–266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.10.040

Kuhmonen, T., Kuhmonen, I., & Luoto, L. (2016). How do rural areas profile in the futures dreams by the Finnish youth? Journal of Rural Studies, 44, 89–100. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.01.010

Labao, A. B., Naval, P. C., Yap, D. L. T., & Yap, H. T. (2017). Influencing rural livelihood switching through equipment assets for agroecosystems to alleviate pressure on resources. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 248(July), 96–104. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2017.07.016

Leibert, T. (2016). She leaves, he stays? Sex-selective migration in rural East Germany. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 267–279. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.06.004

Lemeshow, S., Hosmer Jr, D. W., Klar, J., & Lwanga, S. K. (1990). Adequacy of Sample Size in Health Studies. Adequacy of Sample Size in Health Studies. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6963-14-335

Liu, J., Liu, Y., & Yan, M. (2016). Spatial and temporal change in urban-rural land use transformation at village scale—A case study of Xuanhua district, North China. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 425–434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.07.003

Liu, Z., & Liu, L. (2016). Characteristics and driving factors of rural livelihood transition in the east coastal region of China: A case study of suburban Shanghai. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 145–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.12.008

Maddala, G. . (1983). Limited-dependent and Quantitative Variables in Econometrics. Cambridge University Press.

Martin, S. M., & Lorenzen, K. (2016). Livelihood Diversification in Rural Laos. World Development, 83, 231–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2016.01.018

Méndez-Lemus, Y., Vieyra, A., & Poncela, L. (2017). Periurbanization, Agricultural Livelihoods and Ejidatarioś Social Capital: Lessons from a Periphery Municipality in Michoacán, Mexico. Procedia Engineering, 198(September 2016), 428–443. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.07.098

Ministry of Agriculture Republic Indonesia. (2015). Renstra Kementrian Pertanian Pertanian Tahun 2015 - 2019. Kementrian Pertanian. https://doi.org/351.077 Ind r

Nagler, P., & Naudé, W. (2017). Non-farm entrepreneurship in rural sub-Saharan Africa: New empirical evidence. Food Policy, 67, 175–191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2016.09.019

Oyedele, O. A., & Adenegan, K. O. (2017). Impact of the production of underutilized vegetables on the livelihood of farmers in Southwestern Nigeria. International Journal of Social Economics, 44(12), 1669–1682. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSE-03-2016-0081

Qian, W., Wang, D., & Zheng, L. (2016). The impact of migration on agricultural restructuring: Evidence from Jiangxi Province in China. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 542–551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.07.024

Qiao, Y., Martin, F., Cook, S., He, X., Halberg, N., Scott, S., & Pan, X. (2018). Certified Organic Agriculture as an Alternative Livelihood Strategy for Small-scale Farmers in China: A Case Study in Wanzai County, Jiangxi Province. Ecological Economics, 145(October 2017), 301–307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.10.025

Qin, H., & Liao, T. F. (2016). Labor out-migration and agricultural change in rural China: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 533–541. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.06.020

Rauhut, D., & Littke, H. (2016). “A one way ticket to the city, please!” on young women leaving the Swedish peripheral region Västernorrland. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 301–310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.05.003

Roudart, L., & Dave, B. (2017). Land policy, family farms, food production and livelihoods in the Office du Niger area, Mali. Land Use Policy, 60, 313–323. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.10.029

Smith, H. E., Hudson, M. D., & Schreckenberg, K. (2017). Livelihood diversification: The role of charcoal production in southern Malawi. Energy for Sustainable Development, 36, 22–36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esd.2016.10.001

Steenbergen, D. J., Marlessy, C., & Holle, E. (2017). Effects of rapid livelihood transitions: Examining local co-developed change following a seaweed farming boom. Marine Policy, 82(March), 216–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.03.026

Tang, Q., Bennett, S. J., Xu, Y., & Li, Y. (2013). Agricultural practices and sustainable livelihoods: Rural transformation within the Loess Plateau, China. Applied Geography, 41, 15–23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2013.03.007

Tian, Q., Guo, L., & Zheng, L. (2016). Urbanization and rural livelihoods: A case study from Jiangxi Province, China. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 577–587. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.07.015

Walelign, S. Z., & Jiao, X. (2017). Dynamics of rural livelihoods and environmental reliance: Empirical evidence from Nepal. Forest Policy and Economics, 83(May 2016), 199–209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2017.04.008

Wang, C., Zhang, Y., Yang, Y., Yang, Q., Kush, J., Xu, Y., & Xu, L. (2016). Assessment of sustainable livelihoods of different farmers in hilly red soil erosion areas of southern China. Ecological Indicators, 64, 123–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.12.036

Wiest, K. (2016). Migration and everyday discourses: Peripheralisation in rural Saxony-Anhalt from a gender perspective. Journal of Rural Studies, 43, 280–290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2015.03.003

Wu, Z., Li, B., & Hou, Y. (2017). Adaptive choice of livelihood patterns in rural households in a farm-pastoral zone: A case study in Jungar, Inner Mongolia. Land Use Policy, 62, 361–375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.01.009

You, H., & Zhang, X. (2017). Sustainable livelihoods and rural sustainability in China: Ecologically secure, economically efficient or socially equitable? Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 120, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.12.010


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
HABITAT Indexed by :