Pengaruh Livelihood Asset terhadap Livelihood Strategies Masyarakat Tepi Hutan di UB Forest Desa Tawangargo Kecamatan Karangploso Kabupaten Malang

Hary Wahyu Wijayanto, Aminudin Affandi, Soemarno Soemarno
  Habitat,,  pp.54-61  

Abstract


Perubahan lingkungan hutan berdampak terhadap kondisi aset penghidupan maysarakat dan menyebabkan beragamnya strategi penghidupan masyarakat sekitar hutan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh aset penghidupan (livelihood asset) masyarakat sekitar hutan terhadap strategi penghidupan (livelihood straregy) yang mereka lakukan. Penelitian ini dilakukan di UB Forest Desa Tawangargo Kabupaten Malang. Responden penelitian ini adalah masyarakat sekitar UB forest dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 105 responden. Metode yang digunakan adalah Structure Equation Modelling (SEM). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aset memiliki positif terhadap strategi penghidupan. Sementara itu, demografi memiliki pengaruh negatif terhadap strategi penghidupan masyarakat sekitar hutan. Akan tetapi demografi akan memiliki pengaruh positif terhadap strategi penghidupan ketika masyarakat memiliki aset penghidupan. Hal ini menyiratkan bahwa perlu adanya peningkatan kepemilikan asset masyarakat tepi hutan untuk mempertahankan bahkan meningkatkan penghidupan mereka.


Keywords


aset penghidupan; strategi penghidupan; Structure Equation Modelling (SEM)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abdullah, M., N.Abu, N.Stacey, S.T.Garnett and B.Myers. 2016. Economic dependence on mangrove forest resources for livelihoods in the Sundarbans, Bangladesh. Forest Policy Econ., 64: 15–24.

Babulo,B., Muys, B., Nega, F., Tollens, E., Nyssen, J., Deckers, J., Mathijs, E., 2008. Household livelihood strategies and forest dependence in the highlands of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Agric. Syst., 98: 147–155.

Ellis, F. 2000. Rural livelihoods and diversity in Developing Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Ellis,F. 1998. Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification. Journal of Development Studies, 35(1):1–38.

Hogarth, N. J., Belcher, B., Campbell, B. and Stacey, N. 2013. The Role of Forest-Related Income in Household Economies and Rural Livelihoods in the Border-Region of Southern China. World Development, 43, 111–123.

Kamanga,P., P.Vedeld and E.Sjaastad. 2009. Forest incomes and rural livelihoods in Chiradzulu District, Malawi. Ecol. Econ., 68: 613–624.

Kareithi, J.N. 2010. Declining social capital and vulnerability to livelihood risks in Turkana district. Kenya, 11: 33–46.

Kibria, A. S. M. G., Costanza, R., Groves, C., & Behie, A. M. (2018). The interactions between livelihood capitals and access of local communities to the forest provisioning services of the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest, Bangladesh. Ecosystem Services, 32, 41–49. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.05.003

Kibria, A.G., M.Jashimuddin and I.Makoto. 2014. Effects of participatory forest management on livelihood capitals of the community in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. J. Forest Res., 19: 42–51.

Kibria,A.S.M.G., R.Costanza, C.Groves and A.M. Behie. 2018. The interactions between livelihood capitals and access of local communities to the forest provisioning services of the Sundarbans Mangrove Forest, Bangladesh. Ecosystem Services , 32: 41–49.

Kim, N. (2015). Tests Based on Skewness and Kurtosis for Multivariate Normality. Communications for Statistical Applications and Methods, 22(4), 361–375. doi:10.5351/csam.2015.22.4.361

Livingston S., A. (2018). Test Reliability—Basic Concepts Educational Testing Service, Princeton, New Jersey

Mahdi, G.Shivakoti and D.Schmidt-Vogt. 2009. Livelihood change and livelihood sustainability in the uplands of Lembang subwatershed, West Sumatra, Indonesia, in a changing natural resource management context. Environmental Management, 43(1):84–99.

Mohapatra,B. and D.Suar. 2008. Technological Capital and Sustainable Livelihood—Does Technological Capital of Watershed Influence Sustainable Livelihood? Int. J. Rural Manag., 4: 213–236.

Monecke, A., & Leisch, F. (2012). semPLS: Structural Equation Modeling Using Partial Least Squares. Journal of Statistical Software, 48(3). doi:10.18637/jss.v048.i03

Moore,B. and G.Allard. 2008. Climate Change Impact on forest Health, Forestry Department Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy

Naughton-Treves,L., M.B.Holland and K.Brandon. 2005. The role of protected areas in conserving biodiversity and sustaining local livelihoods. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 30:219–252.

Nawrotzki,R.J., L.M.Hunter and T.W.Dickinson. 2012. Rural livelihoods and access to natural capital: Differences between migrants and non-migrants in Madagascar. Demographic research, 26, 10.4054

Oyesola,O.B. 2010. Effects of capital assets on livelihood diversification of rural households in Oyo State Nigeria. Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences, 8(1):xx.

Rasmussen, L. V., Watkins, C., & Agrawal, A. (2017). Forest contributions to livelihoods in changing agriculture-forest landscapes. Forest Policy and Economics, 84, 1–8. doi:10.1016/j.forpol.2017.04.010

Retnoningsih, D. 2014. Hubungan Rantai Pasok (Supply Chain Relationship) Dan Daya Saing Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM) Sari Apel di Kota Batu. Agrise. Volume XIV No.1 BulanJanuari 2014.

Soltani,A. and A.Angelsen. 2012. Poverty, sustainability, and household livelihood strategies in Zagros, Iran. Ecol. Econ., 79: 60–70.

Sunderlin, W. D., Angelsen, A., Belcher, B., Burgers, P., Nasi, R., Santoso, L. and Wunder. 2005. Livelihoods, forests, and conservation in developing countries: An Overview. World Development, 33(9): 1383–1402. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2004.10.004

Sunderlin,W.D., A.Angelsen, B.Belcher, P.Burgers, R.Nasi, L.Santoso, and S.Wunder. 2005. Livelihoods, Forests, and Conservation in Developing Countries: An Overview. World Development, 33 (9): 1383–1402.

Van-Dijk,T. 2011. Livelihoods, capitals and livelihood trajectories: A more sociological conceptualization. Prog. Dev. Stud., 11: 101–117.

Widiyanto, J. 2012. SPSS for Windows. Badan Penerbit FKIP UMS. Surakarta.

Xu,H.S. 2012. Livelihood capital, livelihood risk and livelihood strategies for farmers. Issues Agric. Econ., 10: 100–106.

Ying,X.W., Z.Chun-Yu and J.Qing-Yu. 2013. Impacts of Climate Change on Forest Ecosystems in Northeast China. Advances in Climate Change Research, 4(4): 230 – 241. doi: 10.3724/sp.j.1248.2013.230


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.
HABITAT Indexed by :